Nepal has improved its position in the global cybersecurity rankings

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Nepal has improved its position in the global cybersecurity rankings

According to the Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI), Nepal has moved up to 94th rank from 106th place in 2018, indicating that the country’s commitment to cybersecurity has grown – International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

As of May, 90.56% of the overall population of the nation has access to the internet, as per the management and information of NTA.

With 193 member nations and a membership of over 900 corporations, colleges, and international and regional organizations, the ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies, fostering innovation in information and communication technology.

Legal measures, technological measures, organizational measures, capacity development, and collaboration are the five pillars of the Global Cybersecurity Index. The country’s commitment to each pillar was evaluated using a question-based online survey that allowed for the collection of supporting data.

Nepal received 15.61 points for legislative measures, 5.94 points for technical measures, 9.58 points for organizational measures, 9.60 points for capacity building, and 4.26 points for cooperative efforts. According to the research, Nepal’s legal measures were a relative strength, and the country may achieve potential growth through cooperation measures.

“As the usage of digital transactions grows, there may be more opportunities for attacks, therefore investing in cybersecurity infrastructure is critical,” Roy added. “We have included a clause in the bylaw stating that mobile applications can only be deployed after a vulnerability assessment has been completed, which can lead to safety.”

India scored 97.5 percent on the GCI, putting it in the top ten. Bangladesh was rated 53rd with 81.27 percent, Sri Lanka was ranked 83rd with 64.88 percent, Bhutan was ranked 134th with 18.34 percent, Sri Lanka was ranked 83rd with 58.65 points, and the Maldives was ranked 177th with 2.95 points.

The United States leads the list with 100 points, followed by the United Kingdom and Saudi Arabia, both with 99.54 points. With 99.4 points, Estonia came in third.

Many nations fall behind in critical areas such as cybersecurity skills training in micro, small, and medium-sized businesses, according to the Global Cybersecurity Index, and there are gaps in specialized cybersecurity measures in banking, healthcare, energy, and other key sectors.

ATM robberies originating from hacked switching systems, dispersed cash transfers into genuine user accounts, SWIFT system hacking, and theft of personal data from internet platforms such as online shopping are the most well-known examples of data breaches in Nepal in recent years.

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